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Exploring the Complicated Legacy of the NFL in St. Louis: A Timeline of Triumphs, Setbacks, and Heartache

Updated: Feb 20


Legends of Football the last ride of the Greatest Show on Turf
Legends of Football the last ride of the Greatest Show on Turf


Where do you want to start?


Where do you end?


It just seems that for the great people of St. Louis, it never began or ended. So let's start at the beginning, of the end (the first time).


Bill Bidwill in St. Louis at Busch Stadium during a game against the Saints
Bill Bidwill in St. Louis at Busch Stadium during a game against the Saints

1988, William "Bill" Bidwill wants out of St. Louis, the town he's called home since 1960, filing for relocation with the league. On Mar. 15, 1988, the NFL voted to allow the St. Louis Cardinals to relocate to Phoenix, Arizona, putting the final coffin nail in the franchise's 28-year history in St. Louis. The vote was 26-2, with the now Los Angeles Raiders and Miami Dolphins abstaining.


Both Al Davis and Joe Robbie were against the measure for their reasons.

Davis was still engulfed in a legal battle with the NFL over his ill-advised move into the greater Los Angeles area. Due to the aforementioned legal issues with the league, Davis decided it was best to abstain from the vote, but he wasn't all too thrilled about the matter.

 “It’s all a sham. They vote any way they want and allow anyone they want to move.” Al Davis


Joe Robbie was good friends with Joe Foss, former American Football League commissioner who represented a Phoenix group that spent $2 million in a failed attempt to bring an expansion team to Phoenix.


The NFL as a group wasn't enthralled about the idea of letting the Cardinals move to Phoenix either. The league would have preferred a move to Baltimore as the Phoenix area was an excellent candidate for expansion. This was all going down long after the Irsay-Rosenbloom debacle in 1972, in which the Rams and Colts franchises were traded with their respective owners. That's another story for another day.


St. Louis Expansion attempt


Jerry Clinton
Jerry Clinton

Jerry Clinton, Former Grey Eagle Distributors owner, who as a part-owner in the St. Louis Blues and St. Louis Steamers indoor soccer team, Mr. Clinton, told Civic Progress members over breakfast at the Bogey Club of their plans to build a new stadium and bring a new football team to St. Louis. On Feb. 27, 1989, they formed the St. Louis NFL Partnership.


As most can see, it was a very convoluted series of events. The original group led by Mr. Clinton and James Busch Orthwein was stalling financially. In contrast, Orthwien couldn't sell his team, The New England Patriots, so he stepped aside, allowing Stanley Enos Kroenke to be added to the group. Clinton made a bold move. He left the group and then teamed with a competing group led by Fran Murray.



James Busch Orthwein and Robert Kraft
James Busch Orthwein and Robert Kraft

St. Louis had already begun construction on the soon-to-be Trans World Dome during this mess of an expansion process at America's Center.

Orthwein, who was dead set on heading to St. Louis after the 1993 season, Robert Kraft, who owned the lease on Foxboro Stadium, wouldn't let Orthwein out of the lease, and due to that, Orthwein sold the Patriots to Robert Kraft in 1994, and the rest is history.


So, now you can see the series of events that unfolded during the process. Clinton-Orthwein, Clinton-Kroenke, Murray-Clinton-Orthwein-Payton-Holley, and then Competing group; Stan Kroenke, Charles Knight, Andrew Taylor, and John Connelly.



Suppose you are reading that, trying to make sense of what you just read. The process was so fluid and ever-changing. I don't even think the people involved knew what was happening. All of these things occurred between' 89 and '94.


I'm shaking my head even writing this stuff!


Thinking back on the entire saga of expansion, one would have never thought it would have been this messy, yet it was.


At this point, the dream of having a franchise in St. Louis looked all but dead on life support, but then, out of nowhere, there came a savior of football in St. Louis, or at least we thought.


Part 2 of this series will be coming soon. Stay tuned.



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